Students, professors, and researchers in just about every discipline use writing that is academic convey ideas, make arguments, and participate in scholarly conversation. Academic writing is described as evidence-based arguments, precise word choice, logical organization, and an impersonal tone. Though sometimes regarded as long-winded or inaccessible, strong academic writing is quite the opposite: It informs, analyzes, and persuades in an easy manner and enables your reader to activate critically in a scholarly dialogue.
Types of Academic Writing
Academic writing is, needless to say, any formal written work produced in an academic setting. While academic writing will come in many forms, listed here are probably the most common.
Literary analysis: A literary analysis essay examines, evaluates, and makes a disagreement about a work that is literary. As its name suggests, a literary analysis essay goes beyond mere summarization. It entails careful close reading of one or multiple texts and often is targeted on a characteristic that is specific theme, or motif.
Research paper: A research paper uses outside information to support a thesis or make a disagreement. Research papers are written in all disciplines and will be evaluative, analytical, or critical in the wild. Common research sources include data, primary sources (e.g., historical records), and secondary sources (e.g., peer-reviewed scholarly articles). Writing a research paper involves synthesizing this information that is external your own ideas.
Dissertation: A dissertation (or thesis) is a document submitted by the end of a Ph.D. program. The dissertation is a book-length summarization of the doctoral candidate’s research.
Academic papers can be done as part of a course, in an application of study, or for publication in an journal that is academic scholarly book of articles around a style, by different authors.
Characteristics of Academic Writing
Most disciplines that are academic their particular stylistic conventions. However, all academic writing shares certain characteristics.
- Clear and limited focus. The main focus of an academic paper—the argument or research question—is established early by the thesis statement. Every paragraph and sentence of this paper connects back again to that primary focus. As the paper can include background or contextual information, all content serves the objective of supporting the thesis statement.
- Logical structure. All academic writing follows a logical, straightforward structure. In its form that is simplest, academic writing includes an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. The introduction provides background information, lays out the scope and direction regarding the essay, and states the thesis. The human body paragraphs support the thesis statement, with every physical body paragraph elaborating on a single supporting point. The conclusion refers back once again to the thesis, summarizes the main points, and highlights the implications associated with the paper’s findings. Each sentence and paragraph logically connects to another in order to present a argument that is clear.
- Evidence-based arguments. Academic writing requires well-informed arguments. Statements must certanly be supported by evidence, whether from scholarly sources (as in a research paper), results of a research or experiment, or quotations from a primary text (as in a literary analysis essay). The utilization of evidence gives credibility to a disagreement.
- Impersonal tone. The purpose of academic writing is to convey a logical argument from an standpoint that is objective. Academic writing avoids emotional, inflammatory, or otherwise biased language. It must be presented accurately and objectively in your paper whether you personally agree or disagree with an idea.
Most published papers likewise have abstracts: brief summaries ninjaessays of the very most important points for the paper. Abstracts come in academic database search engine results to make certain that readers can quickly see whether the paper is pertinent for their own research.
Let’s say you’ve just finished an analytical essay for your literature class. If a peer or professor asks you what the essay is about—what the point of this essay is—you should be able to respond clearly and concisely in a single sentence. That single sentence is your thesis statement.
The thesis statement, found at the termination of the very first paragraph, is a one-sentence encapsulation of one’s essay’s idea that is main. It presents an overarching argument and could also identify the key support points when it comes to argument. In essence, the thesis statement is a road map, telling the reader where in fact the paper is going and how it will get there.
The thesis statement plays an important role in the writing process. When you’ve written a thesis statement, you’ve established a clear focus for your paper. Frequently referring back once again to that thesis statement will prevent you from straying off-topic through the drafting phase. Needless to say, the thesis statement can (and should) be revised to reflect changes in the content or direction regarding the paper. Its ultimate goal, most likely, would be to capture the main ideas of your paper with clarity and specificity.
Academic writers from every field face similar challenges during the writing process. You can enhance your own academic writing by avoiding these common mistakes.