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Adjectives and Adverbs
Definition – Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. They could come ahead of the word they describe (That is a cute puppy.) Or they may follow the expressed word they describe (That puppy is cute.).
Adverbs are words that modify everything but nouns and pronouns. They modify adjectives, verbs, along with other adverbs. A word is an adverb if it answers how, when, or where.
The adverbs that are only cause grammatical problems are the ones that answer comprehensively the question how, therefore we will give attention to these.
He speaks slowly.
Answers the relevant question how.
He speaks very slowly.
Answers the relevant question how slowly.
Generally, if a word answers the question how, it really is an adverb. If it may have an ly put into it, stick it there.
She thinks slow/slowly.
She thinks how? slowly.
This woman is a slow/slowly thinker.
Slow does not answer how so no ly is attached. Slow is an adjective here.
She thinks fast/fastly.
Fast answers the question how, so it is an adverb. But fast never has an ly mounted on it.
We performed bad/badly.
Badly describes the way we performed.
A particular ly rule applies when four regarding the senses – taste, smell, look, feel – would be the verbs. Usually do not ask if these senses answer comprehensively the question simple tips to ly determine if should be attached. Instead, ask if the sense verb is being used actively. If so, make use of the ly.
Roses smell sweet/sweetly.
Perform some roses actively smell with noses? No, so no ly.
The woman looked angry/angrily.
Did the woman actively look with eyes or are we describing her appearance?
We have been only appearance that helpful resources is describing so no ly.
The woman looked angry/angrily at the paint splotches.
Here the lady did actively look with eyes and so the ly is added.
She feels bad/badly concerning the news.
She actually is not feeling with fingers, so no ly.
Your message good is an adjective while well is an adverb answering the question how.
You did a good job.
Good describes the job.
You did the job well.
Well answers how.
You smell good today.
Describes your odour, not the manner in which you smell with your nose, so follow aided by the adjective.
You smell well for someone with a cold.
You are actively smelling with a nose here so follow with all the adverb.
When referring to health, always use well.
Examples I do not feel well.
Today you do not look well.
You may use good with feel while you are not talking about health.
Personally I think good about my decision to master Spanish.
A error that is common using adjectives and adverbs arises from using the wrong form for comparison. For example, to describe one thing we might say poor, like in, “She is poor.” To compare a few things, we have to say poorer, as in, “this woman is the poorer of the two women.” To compare significantly more than a couple of things, we should say poorest, as with, “She is the poorest of them all.”
- More efficient*
Three or maybe more
- Most efficient *
*Usually with words of three or higher syllables, do not add -er or -est. Use more or most right in front associated with the words.
Never drop the ly from an adverb with all the comparison form.
She spoke quickly.
She spoke more quickly than he did.
She spoke quicker than he did.
Talk more quietly.
If this, that, these, and people are accompanied by nouns, they are adjectives. Them, they are pronouns when they appear without a noun following.
This house is actually for sale.
It is an adjective here.
This is for sale.
This really is a pronoun here.
This and that are singular, whether or not they are now being used as adjectives or as pronouns. This points to something nearby while that points to something “over there.”
This dog is mine.
That dog is hers.
That is mine.
That is hers.
These and the ones are plural, whether or not they are now being used as adjectives or as pronouns. These points to something nearby while those true points to something “over there.”
These babies have now been smiling for a time that is long.
These are mine.
Those babies have already been crying all night.
Those are yours.
Use rather than show comparison. Use then to resolve the question when.
I would rather go skiing than rock climbing.
First we went skiing; then we went rock climbing